Indian scientists have made the whole nation proud, by completing India’s Most Advanced Mission to the Moon. The Chandrayaan-2 has finally been launched into space and is expected to land on the surface of the moon in September. This space mission will make India the fourth country in the world to do so.
The much-awaited Chandrayaan-2 mission has finally embarked off with high hopes and ambitions. This is India’s first mission to the moon – in terms of technology and advancement.
An Insight into India’s Chandrayaan-2 Mission
The six-wheeled Pragyaan left Earth for the way to Moon at 2:43 pm on July 22nd, after a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III ‘Bahubali’ discharged from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The GSLV Mk-III triple-stage missile successfully passed all three phases, and soon after its launch, the Chandrayaan-2 was injected into lower Earth orbit.
At first, July 15 was the official date for kick-starting Chandrayaan-2 mission, but due to some technical glitches the task was not carried out and the mission was postponed for a week. The Indian scientists fixed the technical glitch and rescheduled the launch for July 22.
The Chandrayaan-2 task is India’s second voyage to the Moon and its most complicated and exciting space project. Chandrayaan-2 will place a rover on the moon in September this year and make India the world’s fourth nation to do so. The space rocket also contains an orbiter, which will explore if there’s water on the Moon or not.
What Makes It So Special?
Chandrayan-2 has three parts: the lander, the orbiter, and the rover.
Chandrayaan-2 will undertake experiments to assess the magnitude of the allocation of water below the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-2 will also examine the external atmosphere of the satellite.
The orbiter continues to rotate around the Moon for a year and conducts tests to investigate the external atmosphere of the satellite.
The lander, known as Vikram, will be released from the orbiter and fly to the moon during the first week of September. On or around the sixth of September, Vikram will reach the southern pole of the Moon, something no other country has ever accomplished.
The Pragyan Rower rolls on to the lunar surface when Vikram arrives on the Moon. For one single lunar day, which is equivalent to 14 days on earth, Pragyaan will carry out the ground and sub-surface tests.
India’s Space Visions
The Chandrayaan-2 is a gigantic step forward in the space visions of India. The task is also a forerunner to the innovative initiative of Gaganya, which seeks to put three Indians in orbit by 2022.